The plain and obvious Meaning of the Words Freedom and Liberty, in common Speech, is Power, Opportunity, or Advantage, that any one has, to do as he pleases. Or in other Words, his being free from Hindrance or Impediment to the Way of doing, or conducting in any Respect, as he wills. And the contrary to Liberty, whatever Name we call that by, is a Person’s being hinder’d or unable to conduct as he will, or being necessitated to do otherwise.
(Emphases in original; From “Concerning the Notion of Liberty, and of Moral Agency” by Jonathan Edwards [from the “Treatise on the Freedom of the Will,” 1754] in Selections from Early American Writers 1607-1800, William B. Cairns, ed., The Macmillan Company, New York, 1912.)
Freedom and Liberty.