Philosopher Confucius born 552 B.C.
Saint Saint Augustine born A.D. 354; “Christian thinker”
Philosopher and inspiration to America’s Founding Fathers John Locke born 1632
Chemist Antoine Laurent Lavoisier born 1743; father of “modern” chemistry
Poet Johann Wolfgang von Goethe born 1749; “None are more hopelessly enslaved than those who falsely believe they are free.”
Philosopher Georg Wilhelm Hagel born 1770; Continental philosopher.
American writer and physician Oliver Wendell Holmes born 1809; a “Fireside Poet“
Physicist and physiologist Hermann von Helmholtz born 1821; a very busy German
Author Count Lyof Nikolaievitch Tolstoi (Tolstoy) born 1828; “All happy families resemble one another; every unhappy family is unhappy in its own way.”
And in other news of this week from bygone years, in 1920 the Nineteenth Amendment was proclaimed in effect.
Section 1. The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex.
Here a couple of tidbits regarding suffrage.
Women in Wyoming were enfranchised in 1869. Also before the amendment, in Colorado (1893), Utah and Idaho (1896), and Washington (1910).
The first women to serve in Congress was Miss Jeannette Rankin from Montana. She was elected to the House in 1916.
It took nearly forty years to pass this amendment. It was first proposed by a Senator from California, at Susan B. Anthony’s request, in 1878.
Robert I. Fitzhenry, ed. The Harper Book of Quotations 3rd Edition. Harper Perennial. 1993.
Mary Emogene Hazeltine. Anniversaries and Holidays: A Calendar of Days and How to Observe Them. American Library Association, Chicago. 1928.
Mary E. Hazeltine. Judith K. Sollenberger, ed. Anniversaries and Holidays: A Calendar of Days and How to Observe Them Second Edition, Completely Revised. American Library Association, Chicago. 1965.
Thomas James Norton. The Constitution of the United States: Its Sources and Its Application. The World Publishing Company, Cleveland and New York. 1943.